Trail of Tears

Trail of Tears (HMJHV)

Location: Town Creek, AL 35672 Lawrence County
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Country: United States of America
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N 34° 46.471', W 87° 25.809'

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Form the late 1700's to 1807 a Cherokee Chief named Doublehead guarded this area, that was claimed by both the Cherokee and Chickasaw Nations as sacred hunting grounds against encroachment of white settlers.
Chief Doublehead had the reputation of eating flesh from his victims and was a fierce warrior. Greed for land by the states and encroachment of the early European settlers led to distention between the Native Americans and U.S. Government. This led to President Andrew Jackson's the Indian Removal Act of 1830 and what was later known as Trail of Tears. The Act called for all of the Five Civilized tribes of the Southeast to be relocated to west of the Mississippi River.
In 1837 and1838 over 4,000 mostly Cherokee were moved west from Ross' Landing in Chattanooga, TN. Down the Tennessee River to the Ohio River, then down the Mississippi to the Arkansas River then west to Oklahoma. Because of the Muscle Shoals being so shallow in this section of the Tennessee River the native Americans were placed on a train in Decatur, AL and traveled to Tuscumbia, AL by railroad to avoid the Muscle Shoals. This section of the Tennessee River between Decatur and Tuscumbia is the only section of the river from Chattanooga to where the Tennessee River empties into the Ohio that is not a part of the National Trail of Tears Route. However, the only railroad that is recognized as a Trail of Tears route is less that 2 miles south of Doublehead Resort. There were thousands of deaths and many escapes on this forced removal. Many people in Alabama are descendants of these escapees and still reside in Alabama today.
Funded by Harvey RobbinsSponsored by: Alabama Waterfowl Association
Series This marker is part of the Trail of Tears series
Placed ByAlabama~Tennessee Trail of Tears Corridor Committee
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 23rd, 2014 at 1:07pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 460640 N 3848122
Decimal Degrees34.77451667, -87.43015000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 46.471', W 87° 25.809'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 46' 28.26" N, 87° 25' 48.54" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)256
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 551-561 Unnamed Road, Town Creek AL 35672, US
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