Lifeline for Two Armies

Lifeline for Two Armies (HMNU2)

Location: Garfield, AR 72732 Benton County
Country: United States of America
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N 36° 27.202', W 94° 0.949'

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Elkhorn Tavern overlooks a highway of vital importance for Arkansas and Missouri during the Civil War. Union and Confederate leaders both wanted this 20-foot-wide dirt road to move men and supplies. Alongside the road ran 3-year-old telegraph wires, the latest way to send information and fast.

In the week before battle broke out here, both armies had hurriedly marched southward past this crossroads and tavern. The night before the shooting started, Union troops from Missouri set up a small rearguard outpost here. The soldiers had stockpiled food in the barn and tavern. Provost guards watched a handful of captured Confederates nearby.

A Road with Many Names
First built in the 1820s as a military road to link St. Louis, Missouri to Fort Smith, Arkansas, this highway served as the northern route of the Trail of Tears during the Indian removals in 1837 to 1839. It was known as the Butterfield Overland Stage Route from 1858 to 1861. Civil War troops called it the Wire Road or the Telegraph Road.
HM NumberHMNU2
Placed ByPea Ridge National Military Park - National Park Service - U.S. Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 23rd, 2014 at 7:30pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15S E 408972 N 4034714
Decimal Degrees36.45336667, -94.01581667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 27.202', W 94° 0.949'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 27' 12.12" N, 94° 0' 56.94" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)479
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 4782-4786 County Rd 65, Garfield AR 72732, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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